List of all Chief Ministers of Kerala (1957-2023)

Article 164 of the Constitution of India deals with the appointment of the Chief Minister and other ministers by the Governor. The Governor is the de jure head of the state, but de facto executive authority rests with the Chief Minister. In simple words, the Chief Minister of an Indian state is the head of the Government.

In 1947, after India’s independence from the British Raj, the monarchs of the states of Travancore and Cochin instituted a representative government, headed by a Prime Minister and his Council of Ministers. On 1 July 1949, Travancore and Cochin were merged to form the state of Travancore-Cochin. Malabar district and Kasaragod region in southern Canara, which together constitute more than half of the present state of Kerala, had their representatives in the Madras Legislative Assembly.

On November 1, 1956, with the implementation of the States Reorganization Act, present-day Kerala was created by merging the regions of Cochin, Malabar and Travancore, and the Kasaragod region in southern Canara. Since then, the state has been ruled by twelve Chief Ministers.

Travancore Prime Ministers (1948-1949)

Yes. No. Prime Minister Tenure Party
1. Pattom A. Thanu Pillai

March 24, 1948

October 17, 1948

Indian National Congress
2. Paravoor TK Narayana Pillai

October 22, 1948

July 1, 1949

Prime Ministers of Cochin (1947-1949)

Yes. No. Prime Minister Tenure Party
1. Panampilly Govinda Menon

August 14, 1947

October 22, 1947

Independent
2. Nair TK

October 27, 1947

September 20, 1948

3. E. Ikkanda Warrior

September 20, 1948

June 30, 1949

Chief Ministers of Madras (1947-1956)

Yes. No. chief minister Tenure Party
1. OP Ramaswamy Reddiyar

March 23, 1947

April 6, 1949

Indian National Congress
2. P.S. Kumaraswamy Raja

April 6, 1949

April 9, 1952

3. C. Rajagopalachari

April 10, 1952

April 13, 1954

4. K. Kamaraj

April 13, 1954

October 31, 1956

Travancore-Cochin Chief Ministers (1949-1956)

Yes. No. chief minister Tenure Party
1. Paravoor TK Narayana Pillai

July 1, 1949

March 1, 1951

Indian National Congress
2. C. Kesavan

March 3, 1951

March 12, 1952

3. Anaparambil Joseph John

March 12, 1952

March 16, 1954

4. Pattom Thanu Pillai

March 16, 1954

February 10, 1955

Prague Socialist Party
5. Panampilly Govinda Menon

February 10, 1955

March 23, 1956

Indian National Congress
president’s rule

March 23, 1956

October 31, 1956

Chief Ministers of Kerala (1957-2023)

Yes. No. Prime Minister Tenure Party (Coalition)
president’s rule

November 1, 1956

April 5, 1957

1. EMS Namboodiripad

April 5, 1957

July 31, 1959

Communist Party of India
president’s rule

July 31, 1959

February 22, 1960

2. Pattom A. Thanu Pillai

February 22, 1960

September 26, 1962

Prague Socialist Party
3. R. Sankar

September 26, 1962

September 10, 1964

Indian National Congress
president’s rule

September 10, 1964

March 6, 1967

(1) EMS Namboodiripad

March 6, 1967

November 1, 1969

Communist Party of India (Marxist)
4. C. Achutha Menon

November 1, 1969

August 3, 1970

Communist Party of India
president’s rule

August 4, 1970

October 3, 1970

(4) C. Achutha Menon

October 4, 1970

March 25, 1977

Communist Party of India (United Front)
5. K. Karunakaran

March 25, 1977

April 26, 1977

Indian National Congress (United Front)
6. Anthony

April 27, 1977

October 28, 1978

7. PK Vasudevan Nair

October 29, 1978

October 11, 1979

Communist Party of India (United Front)
8. CH Mohammed Koya

October 12, 1979

December 4, 1979

All India Muslim League (United Front)
president’s rule

December 5, 1979

January 25, 1980

9. EK Nayanar

January 25, 1980

October 20, 1981

Communist Party of India (Marxist) (Left Democratic Front)
president’s rule

October 21, 1981

December 28, 1981

(5) K. Karunakaran

December 28, 1981

March 17, 1982

Indian National Congress (I) (United Democratic Front)
president’s rule

March 17, 1982

May 23, 1982

(5) K. Karunakaran

May 24, 1982

March 25, 1987

Indian National Congress (United Democratic Front)
(9) EK Nayanar

March 26, 1987

June 23, 1991

Communist Party of India (Marxist) (Left Democratic Front)
(5) K. Karunakaran

June 24, 1991

March 21, 1995

Indian National Congress (United Democratic Front)
(6) Anthony

March 22, 1995

May 19, 1996

(9) EK Nayanar

May 20, 1996

May 16, 2001

Communist Party of India (Marxist) (Left Democratic Front)
(6) Anthony

May 17, 2001

August 30, 2004

Indian National Congress (United Democratic Front)
10. ommen chandy

August 31, 2004

May 17, 2006

eleven. VS Achuthanandan

May 18, 2006

May 17, 2011

Communist Party of India (Marxist) (Left Democratic Front)
(10) Oommen Chandy

May 18, 2011

May 24, 2016

Indian National Congress (United Democratic Front)
12. Pinarayi Vijayan

May 25, 2016

Headline

Communist Party of India (Marxist) (Left Democratic Front)

Key points:

1- EK Nayanar is the longest serving Chief Minister of Kerala, having been in office for almost 11 years.

2- CH Mohammed Koya is the Chief Minister of Kerala who has been in office for the shortest time, with only 53 days.

3- Oommen Chandy, who served a total of 6 years and 253 days as the 10th Chief Minister of Kerala, passed away on July 18, 2023. Apart from being CM of Kerala twice, Chandy’s illustrious career included holding key ministerial portfolios such as that of Work. , Home and Finance in different governments under the leadership of K Karunakaran and AK Antony. Furthermore, he took up the important role of opposition leader in the Kerala Assembly. Remarkably, representing Puthuppally constituency, he served as an MLA for over fifty years, setting an unrivaled record for the longest tenure in the political history of the state. According to sources, he was diagnosed with cancer and passed away during treatment. Oommen Chandy was 79 years old.

This was the complete list of all the Chief Ministers of Kerala. Students who are appearing for government as well as competitive exams are advised to check the list carefully.

List of all Chief Ministers of Assam (1937-2021)

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Source: sef.edu.vn

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