World Malaria Day 2023: Check Malaria, Symptoms, Causes, Risk factors, Prevention, Vaccine, and Countries free from Malaria

World Malaria Day 2023: According to the WHO, malaria cases were estimated at 241 million worldwide in 2020, and estimated deaths were 627,000 in 2020. Additionally, in 2020, the WHO African Region hosted the 95% of malaria cases and 96% of malaria deaths. In the region, children under five years of age accounted for around 80% of all malaria deaths.

World Malaria Day is celebrated on April 25 around the world to raise awareness about malaria control and eradication. It is a preventable and treatable disease. This year’s theme is “It’s time to achieve zero malaria: invest, innovate, implement.” According to the World Health Organization, the focus will be mainly on the third ‘i’, implementation to reach the marginalized section.

Scroll down to see some tweets

India, with the help of several strategic government interventions and innovative solutions, has made great strides towards its goal of eliminating malaria by 2030.

In this #WorldMalariaDayLet us commit to strengthening our fight against malaria Mukt Bharat. pic.twitter.com/MR4XHvlmwV

– Dr. Mansukh Mandaviya (@mansukhmandviya)
April 25, 2023

Today is #WorldMalariaDay.#Malaria It is transmitted through the bite of the Anopheles mosquito 🦟. Almost half of the world’s population is at risk of contracting malaria.

Here are 4 things you need to know about malaria ⬇️

— World Health Organization (WHO) (@WHO)
April 25, 2023

READ| World Malaria Day 2023: Learn about the topic, history, meaning and key facts here

What is malaria and how is it caused?

According to the WHO, it is an acute febrile illness. It is caused by Plasmodium parasites, which are transmitted to people through the bite of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes.

Five species of parasites cause malaria in humans and of them, two species, namely P. falciparum and P. vivax, pose the greatest threat. The deadliest malaria parasite is P. falciparum, which is the most prevalent on the African continent. The dominant malaria parasite in most countries outside of sub-Saharan Africa is P. vivax.

So we can say that malaria is a disease transmitted by mosquitoes and caused by a parasite. If left untreated, you can develop serious complications and die. According to the CDC, about 2,000 cases of malaria are diagnosed in the United States each year.

What are the symptoms of malaria?

– Shaking chills

– Fever

– Headache

– Feeling of discomfort in general.

– Nausea and vomiting

– Diarrhea

– Abdominal pain

– Muscle or joint pain

– Fatigue

– Fast breathing

– Fast heart rate

-Cough

Some people who suffer from malaria are also said to experience cycles of malaria “attacks.” An attack usually begins with chills and chills, followed by high fever, sweating, and then a return to normal temperature. Signs and symptoms of malaria begin a few weeks after being bitten by an infected mosquito. Additionally, some types of malaria parasites can remain dormant in the human body for up to a year.

Which are the risk factors?

For developing malaria, the biggest risk factor is living in or visiting areas where the disease is common. They are tropical and subtropical regions of the

-South and Southeast Asia

– Sub-Saharan Africa

– Central America and northern South America

– Pacific Islands, etc.

Additionally, the level of risk is determined by local malaria control, seasonal changes in malaria rates, and precautions people take to avoid mosquito bites.

People at high risk of contracting the disease are young children, older adults, pregnant women and their unborn children, and travelers from malaria-free areas.

World Malaria Day 2023: Prevention

Listed below are certain measures to avoid mosquito bites:

– Cover your skin, by wearing pants, long-sleeved shirts, etc.

– Apply insect repellent to the skin. You must register with the Environmental Protection Agency on any exposed skin.

– Also, apply repellent to clothing.

– Use mosquito nets or sleep under a mosquito net.

WHO recommends widespread use of the RTS,S/AS01 malaria vaccine among children living in regions with moderate to high P. falciparum malaria transmission from October 2021. The drug showed a significant reduction in cases of malaria and severe fatal malaria among children.

World Malaria Day 2023: Messages, Slogans, WhatsApp and Facebook Statuses, Quotes and More

World Malaria Day 2023: List of countries and territories certified malaria-free by WHO

Country/territory Countries certified malaria free
Africa
Algeria 2019
Lesotho
Mauricio 1973
La Réunion (France) 1979
Seychelles
Eastern Mediterranean
Bahrain
Jordan
Kuwait
Lebanon
Libya
Morocco 2010
Qatar
Tunisia
United Arab Emirates 2007
Europe
Albania
Andorra
Armenia 2011
Austria
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1973
Bulgaria 1965
Croatia 1973
Cyprus 1967
Czechia
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France (metropolitan)
Germany
Greece
Hungary 1964
Iceland
Ireland
Israel
Italy 1970
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan 2016
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
malt
Monaco
Montenegro 1973
Netherlands 1970
Norway
Poland 1967
Portugal 1973
Republic of Moldova
Republic of North Macedonia 1973
Romania 1967
Russian Federation
San Marino
Serbia 1973
Slovakia
Slovenia 1973
Spain 1964
Sweden
Swiss
Turkmenistan 2010
Ukraine
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Uzbekistan 2018
Americas
Old and bearded
Argentina 2019
bahamas
Barbados
Canada
Chili
Cuba 1973
Dominica 1966
The Savior 2021
Grenade 1962
Jamaica 1966
Paraguay 2018
Saint Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia 1962
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Trinidad and Tobago 1965
United States of America 1970
Uruguay
Southeast Asia
Maldives 2015
Sri Lanka 2016
western pacific
Australia 1981
Brunei Darussalam 1987
Porcelain 2021
Cook Islands
Fiji
Japan
Kiribati
Marshall Islands
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Mongolia
Nauru
New Zealand
Niue
Palau
Samoa
Singapore 1982
Tonga
Tuvalu

Source: who

Those countries that have achieved at least three consecutive years of zero indigenous cases are eligible to apply for a WHO certification of malaria-free status.

Therefore, the WHO granted 40 countries and territories malaria-free certification. The last country declared malaria-free by the WHO is China. Other recent countries that joined the malaria-free club are El Salvador (2021), Argentina (2019), Paraguay (2018) and Uzbekistan (2018). So far, none of the states in India have been able to completely eliminate malaria.

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Source: sef.edu.vn

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