Republic Day 2023: What is the difference between Republic Day and Independence Day?

Republic Day 2023: Republic Day and Independence Day are the two most important days for all Indians and are celebrated on January 26 and August 15 respectively. This year, India celebrates its 74th Republic Day. Know the difference between Republic Day and Independence Day here.

The theme of this year’s Republic Day celebration is ‘Jan-Bhagidaari, participation of common people’. The GoI (Government of India) has decided to reserve the front row for special official guests. Shramjeevis and her families, Kartavya Path maintenance workers and other community members such as rickshaw drivers and vegetable vendors will sit in the front row.

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Difference between Republic Day and Independence Day

Celebration dates

Republic Day is celebrated on January 26 and Independence Day on August 15.

Why are Republic Day and Independence Day celebrated?

India gained its independence on August 15, 1947, but was not a republic until 1950, when the country’s Constitution was finally adopted. The nation was declared a republic.

Independence Day is celebrated on August 15, 1947, marking the nation’s independence from British rule.

January 26 is celebrated as Republic Day and marks the day when the Constitution of India came into force in 1950. The Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Constitution of India on November 26, 1949 and it came into force on January 26, 1950.

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Independence Day commemorates the valor and spirit of the freedom fighters who fought for the nation’s independence from British rule. The day is recognized as national pride and honor.

Republic Day celebrates the Republic of India. The day presents the contributions of the republic to the nation. It also pays tribute to the services rendered by the government in maintaining the nation.

The Constitution of India is the longest drafted in the world. Originally it had 395 articles, divided into 22 parts and 8 annexes. According to the Constitution of India, “India is a sovereign, socialist, secular and democratic republic, guaranteeing its citizens justice, equality and freedom, and endeavoring to promote brotherhood among them.”


On Independence Day, the Prime Minister hoists the flag and addresses the country from the Red Fort. Furthermore, one day before Independence Day, the country’s president delivers a televised ‘Address to the Nation’.

Independence Day is celebrated with full enthusiasm with various cultural programmes, parades and flag hoisting ceremonies across the country.

Republic Day is also celebrated with pomp across the country. The main attraction of the Republic Day celebration is the annual Parade that starts from Rajpath, Delhi and ends at India Gate. On this day, the President of India hoists the flag at Rajpath, New Delhi. The events showcase the cultural and social heritage of India, parades and air displays of the Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force. This year, the parade on Rajpath will begin at 10:30 am instead of the earlier 10 am to improve the visibility of the parade and flypast.

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On this day, the President of India also distributes Padma awards to the deserving civilians of the country to honor their contribution to the nation. Brave soldiers are also awarded Paramvir Chakra, Ashok Chakra and Vir Chakra.

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