List of Neighbouring Countries of India with Boundaries and Name

Name the neighboring countries of India: India shares a border with 9 countries and is located latitudinally in the northern hemisphere and longitudinally in the eastern hemisphere. In this article, we have curated a list of countries neighboring India and the Indian states surrounding them. The list will enhance the general knowledge of the students and help them to address the issues related to Geography of India in different academic and competitive exams.

Geography Basics

Indian physical background

India has a land border of 15,200 km. The total coastline length of the mainland, Lakshadweep and Andaman Islands and Nicobar Islands is 7,516.6 km. India shares its border with seven countries: Afghanistan and Pakistan to the northwest, China, Bhutan and Nepal to the north, Myanmar to the Far East, and Bangladesh to the east. Sri Lanka (from the southeast) and Maldives (from the southwest) are two countries with maritime borders.


The list of neighboring countries of India is:

A total of 9 countries share borders with India. Of these, 7 countries share land borders while 2 countries share maritime borders with India. Bhutan is India’s smallest neighboring country in terms of land borders.

Neighboring country

Bordering States


Jammu and Kashmir (POK Part)


West Bengal, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura and Assam


Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Sikkim and West Bengal


Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttrakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh


Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram and Nagaland


Sikkim, West Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Uttrakhand


Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Gujarat and Rajasthan

Sri Lanka

Separated from India by the Gulf of Mannar


The southwestern part of the Indian Ocean below Lakshadweep Island

India’s Neighboring Countries at a Glance

1- Afghanistan

Border length: 106 km

Official languages: Dari, Pashto

Currency – Afghan Afghani


Border Line – 4096.7 km.

Official language: Bengali

Currency – Bangladeshi Taka

3- Bhutan

Border Line – 699 km

Official language – Dzongkha

Currency – Ngultrum

4- Chinese

Border line – 3488 km

Official language: Mandarin

Currency – Chinese Yuan

5- Burma

Border line – 1643 km

Official language: Burmese

Currency – Burmese Kyat


Border line – 1751 km

Official language – Nepali

Currency – Nepalese Rupee

7- Pakistan

Border line – 3323 km

Official language: Urdu

Currency – Pakistani Rupee

8-Sri Lankan

Border Line – Maritime Border

Official language: Sinhala, Tamil

Currency – Sri Lanka Rupee

9- Maldives

Border Line – Maritime Border

Official language: Dhivehi

Currency – Maldivian Rufiyaa

India has the third largest international border in the world after China and Russia, and also the most sensitive border in the world which varies from extreme weather conditions to infiltration.

So, this was the above mentioned list of neighboring countries of India that can be asked in many academic and competitive exams.

List of neighboring countries of India: important facts

  • India and China have had historical connections dating back to ancient times. The signing of the Panchsheel Pact marked an important milestone in our bilateral relationship. However, a border dispute in 1962 resulted in a war between the two nations. Over time, efforts have been made to improve relations between India and China.
  • India and Pakistan were once part of a unified country, sharing a common heritage and culture. However, major conflicts and more recently the Kargil conflict have strained relations between the two nations. However, continuous efforts are being made to foster a friendly relationship with Pakistan.
  • The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) was established with the aim of promoting peace, stability and economic progress in the region through mutual cooperation.
  • India played a vital role in supporting the people of Bangladesh in their struggle for independence from Pakistani rule. This has led to the development and maintenance of strong political, economic and cultural ties between the two nations.
  • India and Sri Lanka share connections deeply rooted in ancient history, mythology and culture. While there have been some challenges related to the Indian population in Sri Lanka, overall our political and trade relations have remained positive.

Complete Study Material on Indian Geography.

Which Indian states share borders with China?

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