Who is Zarina Hashmi and Why is Google Celebrating her 86th Birthday with a Doodle?

Google Doodle: Google is celebrating the 86th anniversary of the birth of Indian-American artist and printmaker Zarina Hashmi. Tara Anand’s dark-toned doodle showcases the zest of her artworks with minimalist geometric and abstract shapes to explore concepts of home, displacement, borders and memory. She was also one of the most prominent artists associated with the Minimalist Movement.

google doodleSource: Google Doodle

Who is Zarina Hashmi?

On this day in 1937, Hashmi was born in the small Indian town of Aligarh. Before India was partitioned in 1947, she and her four siblings led a happy life. Millions of people were forced to evacuate due to this terrible event, and Zarina’s family was forced to go to Karachi, in the newly founded Pakistan.

At age 21, Hashmi married a young diplomat and began her journey through Bangkok, Paris and Japan, where she was exposed to printmaking and modernist and abstract art trends.

In 1977, Hashmi moved to New York City, where she became an ardent supporter of black and female artists. She quickly became a member of the Heresies Collective, a feminist magazine that investigated the nexus between politics, art and social justice.

She then became a professor at the Feminist Art Institute in New York, which offered female artists equal educational opportunities. She helped co-curate the exhibition in 1980 at AIR Gallery, titled “Dialectic of Isolation: An Exhibition of Third World Women Artists from the United States.” This innovative exhibition featured the work of various artists and provided a platform for female artists of color.

An advocate of minimalist art, Hashmi rose to fame for her attractive intaglio and woodcut prints that combine semi-abstract representations of the homes and cities in which she had lived. She frequently found inscriptions in her native Urdu and geometric designs influenced by Islamic art in her creations.

Zarina Hashmi: awards and recognitions

Zarina was one of four artists or art collectives to represent India in her debut exhibition at the Venice Biennale in 2011. The first retrospective of her work was held at the Hammer Museum in Los Angeles in 2012. The exhibition, Zarina: Paper Like Skin, moved to the Art Institute of Chicago and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. Zarina served as artist-in-residence for the Asian/Pacific/American Institute at New York University during the 2017-18 academic year. Zarina: Dark Roads, a solo show, and Directions to My House, a brochure, served as the final projects of the residency.

Year

Awards

1969

President’s Award for Printmaking, India

1974

Japan Foundation Scholarship, Tokyo

1984

Engraving Workshop Scholarship, New York

1985

New York Foundation for the Arts Scholarship, New York

1989

Grand Prize, International Print Biennale, Bhopal, India

1990

Adolph and Esther Gottlieb Foundation Grant, New York Foundation for the Arts Grant

1991

Residence, Women’s Studio Workshop, Rosendale, New York

1994

Residency, Art-Omi, Omi, New York

2002

Residence, Williams College, Williamstown, Massachusetts

2006

Residence, Montalvo Arts Center, Saratoga, California

2007

Residence, University of Richmond, Richmond, Virginia

The idea of ​​the home as a flexible and abstract realm that transcends materiality or location was addressed in Zarina’s art. His artwork frequently contains motifs that allude to concepts such as mobility, diaspora, and exile. For example, in his woodcut Paper Like Skin, a thin black line dividing the page from the bottom right corner to the top left corner snakes upward on a white background. In its angular, meandering division of the page, the line has a geographical character, indicating a border between two places or possibly a topographical map of an unfinished journey.

Important days and dates in July 2023

Categories: Optical Illusion
Source: sef.edu.vn

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