Toughest Courses in the World (Updated List 2023)

Toughest Courses in the World

Toughest courses can be found in various domains, including science, technology, engineering, mathematics, medicine, law, and more. They often involve extensive theoretical knowledge, practical applications, intensive research, and complex problem-solving exercises. Here is the list of the 10 most difficult courses in the world:





Chartered Accountancy












Quantum Mechanics





Top 10 Hardest Courses in the World

Students pursuing the toughest courses are expected to exhibit a high level of discipline, commitment, and intellectual curiosity. They need to be willing to invest significant time and effort into their studies, often sacrificing personal time and engaging in intense study and practice sessions.

Furthermore, these courses may have strict prerequisites or entrance requirements, such as specific educational backgrounds, competitive entrance exams, or portfolio evaluations. This adds an additional layer of challenge to gaining admission and successfully completing the program.

Despite the difficulty, students who successfully complete these toughest courses often emerge with a strong academic foundation, advanced skills, and a deep understanding of their chosen field. These courses can open up doors to rewarding careers, prestigious opportunities, and personal growth.


1. Engineering

Engineering is a field that applies scientific principles to design, create, and build various structures, machines, and systems. It encompasses a wide range of disciplines, including civil engineering, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, chemical engineering, aerospace engineering, and many more. While each engineering discipline has its own unique focus, innovation is a common mindset among engineers.

Engineering is widely regarded as one of the most challenging and technical courses in the world. It requires students to develop a range of skills, including technical proficiency, analytical thinking, critical reasoning, and problem-solving abilities. The curriculum is designed to provide a solid foundation in mathematics, physics, and other core sciences, along with specialized knowledge in the chosen engineering discipline.

To pursue engineering, students typically begin by opting for the science stream during their 11th and 12th grades. This provides them with a strong foundation in subjects like physics, chemistry, and mathematics, which are essential for engineering education.

As students progress in their engineering journey, the level of difficulty increases, presenting them with more complex concepts and challenges. The coursework becomes more demanding, requiring a deep understanding of mathematical principles, scientific theories, and engineering principles. This progression helps students develop their tactical skills, analytical abilities, critical thinking, and problem-solving capabilities.

For those aspiring to pursue engineering courses overseas, additional requirements such as providing GRE (Graduate Record Examination) or GMAT (Graduate Management Admission Test) scores may be necessary. These standardized tests assess the aptitude and readiness of students for advanced engineering education in foreign universities.

Within the field of engineering, certain disciplines are often considered particularly challenging. Two such examples are chemical engineering and aerospace engineering.

Chemical engineering is known for its complexity as it combines intricate mathematical engineering theorems with a deep understanding of chemistry. Students are required to grasp both engineering fundamentals, such as mathematics and physics, and the principles of chemistry to excel in this discipline.

Aerospace engineering focuses on the design, development, and construction of aircraft and spacecraft. This field requires a solid background in subjects like chemistry or aviation mechanics, which involves highly mathematical concepts. Aerospace engineering students must possess strong mathematical skills to handle the complexities involved in designing and analyzing aircraft and spacecraft systems.

2. Chartered Accountancy

Chartered accountants play a crucial role in providing valuable advice and financial expertise that guides the management of businesses and public sector organizations. They are highly skilled professionals who work in various key areas, including general practice, corporate finance, business advisory, and forensic accounting.

In the field of general practice, chartered accountants assist businesses and individuals in managing their financial affairs. They provide services such as financial accounting, taxation, auditing, and business advisory, helping clients navigate complex financial regulations, optimize their financial performance, and meet legal requirements.

In corporate finance, chartered accountants work closely with organizations to make strategic financial decisions. They analyze financial data, assess investment opportunities, evaluate business performance, and provide recommendations to support growth, mergers and acquisitions, financial restructuring, and capital raising activities.

Finance is another significant area where chartered accountants excel. They contribute their expertise to financial management, financial planning, risk management, and financial reporting. They help organizations optimize their financial resources, make informed decisions, and ensure compliance with financial regulations and reporting standards.

Forensic accounting is a specialized field where chartered accountants investigate financial fraud, misconduct, and other financial irregularities. They use their analytical skills, knowledge of accounting principles, and legal expertise to uncover financial evidence, provide expert opinions in legal proceedings, and prevent and detect financial crimes.

Choosing a career as a chartered accountant offers several advantages, including a safe and stable career path and well-paying opportunities. Chartered accountants are in high demand, as their financial expertise is required by businesses, organizations, and even individuals to manage their financial affairs effectively.

3. Medicine

In order to pursue a medical science course, students are required to choose the biology stream during their 11th and 12th grades and subsequently appear for the relevant examinations. One crucial examination in this regard is the NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test), which serves as a common entrance exam for medical colleges in India.

Once students successfully clear the NEET examination, they can proceed with the counseling process. During counseling, students are allocated seats in medical colleges based on their NEET scores and the cutoffs set by the respective colleges. This process helps determine the college and course that a student will be enrolled in.

The medical course, commonly known as MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery), is indeed highly challenging and demanding. It typically spans a duration of 5.5 years, which includes theoretical study, practical training, and clinical rotations. Students undergo extensive education in subjects like anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pathology, pharmacology, and more.

After completing the MBBS course, aspiring doctors need to appear for the NEET PG (Post Graduate) examination to pursue specialization in a particular field. This examination is essential for those who wish to pursue postgraduate medical courses and gain expertise in their chosen area of specialization, such as radiology, dermatology, pediatrics, surgery, or internal medicine.

The medical profession requires dedication, hard work, and a strong commitment to lifelong learning. Doctors continually update their knowledge and skills to stay abreast of advancements in medical science and provide the best possible care to their patients.

4. Pharmacy

Pharmacy is both an art and a profession that encompasses the preparation, preservation, compounding, and dispensing of medicinal drugs. The study of pharmacy involves various specialized topics, with a strong emphasis on chemistry and pharmaceutics.

A career in pharmacy offers diverse opportunities for individuals to contribute to the healthcare industry and ensure the safe and effective use of medications. Some of the career options within the field of pharmacy include:

Clinical Research and Development: Pharmacist professionals can work in research and development settings, conducting studies to evaluate the safety and efficacy of new drugs or therapeutic approaches. They may collaborate with healthcare professionals, scientists, and pharmaceutical companies to contribute to the advancement of medical knowledge.

Medical Quality Control and Analysis: Pharmacists can play a crucial role in ensuring the quality and safety of medications. They may work in quality control laboratories, conducting rigorous testing and analysis to assess the purity, potency, and integrity of pharmaceutical products.

Medical Drug Production and Manufacturing: Pharmacists can be involved in pharmaceutical production and manufacturing processes, ensuring that medications are prepared accurately and meet quality standards. They may work in pharmaceutical companies, overseeing the formulation, production, and packaging of medications.

Pharmaceutical Sales and Marketing: Some pharmacists choose to work in the sales and marketing of pharmaceutical products. They utilize their knowledge and expertise to promote medications to healthcare professionals, providing information about drug efficacy, safety, and appropriate usage.

The pursuit of a career in pharmacy involves comprehensive education and training. Students can pursue various academic paths, including a Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm) degree, a Diploma in Pharmacy, or a Ph.D. in Pharmacy. These programs cover a wide range of subjects, including chemistry, biology, pharmaceutics, pharmacology, and more.

Pharmacy students delve into the study of Ayurveda, which is an ancient Indian system of medicine, along with topics such as physiology, drug formulation, and human anatomy. This comprehensive curriculum equips them with the knowledge and skills necessary to understand the principles of medication action, drug interactions, dosage forms, and patient care.

5. Architecture

Architecture involves the creative and technical process of designing and constructing various structures, such as residential buildings, bridges, and monuments, with a particular emphasis on creating habitable spaces. It encompasses the careful consideration of the environment, aesthetics, functionality, and composition of the built environment.

However, pursuing a course in architecture is a challenging endeavor that requires significant dedication and education. Simply put, becoming an architect is not as straightforward as it may initially seem. The journey typically begins after completing secondary education, where individuals can pursue a range of degree programs to embark on their path towards becoming an architect.

To qualify as an architect, individuals can pursue a Bachelor of Architecture degree, which offers comprehensive training in architectural design, construction techniques, building systems, and architectural theory. This program provides a balanced blend of artistic creativity and technical knowledge, enabling students to develop the necessary skills for designing and constructing buildings.

Alternatively, individuals can also pursue a Bachelor’s degree in Engineering and Architectural Design or a Bachelor of Engineering in Landscape Architecture, which provide a multidisciplinary approach to the field. These programs incorporate engineering principles, architectural design concepts, and an understanding of the natural environment to create sustainable and aesthetically pleasing structures.

Another option is a Bachelor of Science (BSc) degree in Architecture Technology, which focuses on the technical aspects of architecture, including construction methods, building materials, and building information modeling (BIM) technology. This program equips students with the practical skills and knowledge required to support architects in the design and construction process.

Whichever educational path is chosen, it is important to note that architecture education extends beyond formal degree programs. Aspiring architects are encouraged to gain practical experience through internships or apprenticeships, allowing them to apply their knowledge in real-world settings under the guidance of experienced professionals.

Additionally, acquiring licensure or certification is often required to practice architecture professionally, which typically involves completing a period of supervised work experience and passing a licensing examination.

6. Law

Law encompasses the official regulations and guidelines established by a country or state, dictating what individuals are permitted or prohibited from doing. It is a profession that revolves around the customs, practices, and constraints of conduct recognized as obligatory within a community.

Embarking on a career in law demands several essential qualities, including patience, a strong understanding of ethics, keen perception skills, and the ability to uphold one’s individuality. While law is primarily associated with humanities students, it is also a popular choice for commerce students who have not pursued mathematics.

Law serves as the backbone of a society, providing a framework for maintaining order, resolving disputes, and safeguarding the rights and interests of individuals. Professionals in the field of law play a vital role in interpreting and applying legal principles, representing clients, and ensuring the fair administration of justice.

Patience is a crucial attribute for a successful legal career. Lawyers often navigate complex and lengthy legal processes, requiring them to meticulously gather evidence, analyze cases, and advocate for their clients’ interests. Endurance and persistence are essential when dealing with intricate legal issues or protracted court proceedings.

An in-depth understanding of ethics is fundamental in the legal profession. Lawyers must adhere to high ethical standards, maintaining confidentiality, avoiding conflicts of interest, and demonstrating a commitment to justice and fairness. Ethical considerations guide lawyers in their decision-making processes, ensuring that they uphold the principles of integrity and professionalism.

Perception skills are vital for lawyers to assess and analyze legal issues effectively. They must possess a keen eye for detail, attentiveness to nuances, and the ability to identify relevant facts and legal precedents. This enables them to build strong arguments, present persuasive cases, and make informed judgments.

Individuality is another aspect valued in the legal profession. Lawyers must develop their unique voice and legal perspective while also respecting the diverse viewpoints and backgrounds of others. Having a firm stand on principles and a willingness to advocate for clients’ interests while upholding the rule of law is a key attribute of a successful lawyer.

Traditionally associated with humanities students due to its emphasis on critical thinking, analytical skills, and effective communication, law also appeals to commerce students who have not pursued mathematics. Commerce students bring their understanding of business practices, financial matters, and commercial transactions to the field of law, offering valuable insights in areas such as corporate law, intellectual property, and commercial litigation.

7. Psychology

Psychology is a captivating field of study that focuses on understanding human behavior. Students who pursue psychology have the opportunity to explore and analyze human behavior in diverse contexts, ranging from individual and social settings to psychological and industrial environments.

An investigative streak is also advantageous in psychology. Psychologists often engage in research, conducting studies to explore various aspects of human behavior and to contribute to the advancement of psychological knowledge. This involves formulating research questions, designing studies, collecting and analyzing data, and drawing meaningful conclusions.

Psychology offers a wide range of specialization options, allowing individuals to focus on specific areas of interest. Some of the branches of psychology that can be chosen as career fields include:

Clinical Psychology: Clinical psychologists work directly with individuals who are experiencing psychological distress or mental health issues. They assess, diagnose, and treat various mental health disorders through therapy and counseling.

Counseling Psychology: Similar to clinical psychology, counseling psychology focuses on helping individuals deal with personal and emotional challenges. However, counseling psychologists often work with individuals facing less severe psychological issues and provide guidance and support to help clients improve their overall well-being.

Sports Psychology:¬†Sports psychologists apply psychological principles to enhance athletes’ performance, motivation, and mental well-being. They work with athletes to develop mental skills, manage stress, and overcome performance-related challenges.

Industrial Psychology: Industrial psychologists study human behavior in the workplace and apply psychological principles to improve employee satisfaction, productivity, and organizational effectiveness. They may be involved in areas such as employee selection, training and development, and organizational change.

Forensic Psychology: Forensic psychologists apply psychological principles within the legal and criminal justice systems. They may assist in criminal investigations, provide expert testimony in court, evaluate and treat offenders, and work with victims of crime.

Criminology: Criminology is the scientific study of crime, criminals, and the criminal justice system. It involves analyzing criminal behavior patterns, studying the causes and consequences of crime, and developing strategies for crime prevention and intervention.

Neuropsychology: Neuropsychologists study the relationship between the brain and behavior. They assess and evaluate cognitive functions, identify and treat neurological disorders, and explore the impact of brain injuries or diseases on behavior and cognition.

Linguistic Psychology: Linguistic psychologists investigate the relationship between language and human behavior. They explore how language influences cognition, communication, and social interaction, as well as how language is processed and acquired.

These branches of psychology offer diverse career paths, each focusing on different aspects of human behavior and addressing unique challenges. By choosing a specific specialization, individuals can develop expertise in their area of interest and make meaningful contributions to the understanding of human behavior in that particular domain.

8. Quantum Mechanics

This course is ideally suited for individuals who have a passion for physics and a keen interest in unraveling mysteries related to phenomena such as black holes and constellations. Quantum Mechanics is a scientific field that focuses on understanding the behavior of matter and light at the atomic and subatomic level.

Studying Quantum Mechanics allows students to delve into the fascinating world of particles and explore their properties and interactions. It provides a framework for comprehending the fundamental principles that govern the behavior of particles, such as wave-particle duality, superposition, and entanglement.

To pursue this course, a strong background in physics is essential. Students are expected to have a deep understanding of concepts from classical mechanics, electromagnetism, and thermodynamics, as Quantum Mechanics builds upon these foundational principles. A solid grasp of mathematical tools is also crucial, as the subject involves advanced mathematical techniques.

In particular, students of Quantum Mechanics will engage with mathematical concepts such as number manipulation, integral calculus, and functional integration. These mathematical tools are employed to describe and analyze the behavior of particles at the quantum level.

Proficiency in mathematical analysis enables students to derive equations and manipulate mathematical expressions, allowing them to gain insights into the nature of quantum systems.

The pursuit of a course in Quantum Mechanics typically requires a bachelor’s degree in physics as a prerequisite. A strong foundation in physics principles and mathematics is crucial at this stage. Further specialization and in-depth study of Quantum Mechanics can be pursued at the master’s level, where students delve into advanced topics and engage in research or experimental work.

By undertaking this course, students have the opportunity to explore the fundamental aspects of the quantum world, contribute to ongoing research in the field, and potentially unravel the mysteries surrounding phenomena such as black holes and the nature of the universe itself.

It offers a unique and intellectually stimulating pathway for those with a passion for physics and a desire to understand the fundamental building blocks of our universe.

9. Statistics

The process of collecting, analyzing, presenting, and interpreting data for government census forms is a substantial undertaking that provides information on a wide range of economic activities. To effectively manage this data, various theories and methods are employed, including statistical tests such as t-tests, ANOVA (Analysis of Variance), chi-square tests, and more.

A student studying statistics must possess strong skills in logic, reasoning, and mathematics. These abilities are essential for understanding the underlying principles of statistical analysis and drawing meaningful conclusions from the data. Additionally, a good memory is crucial, as it entails storing numerous formulas and comprehending their applications.

Proficiency in logic and reasoning allows a statistical student to construct appropriate hypotheses, design rigorous experiments or surveys, and make sound interpretations of the results. A solid foundation in mathematics enables the student to understand the mathematical principles behind statistical techniques, perform calculations accurately, and apply statistical formulas effectively.

Memory plays a vital role as a statistical student needs to remember various statistical formulas, definitions, and procedures. This includes recalling the formulas for calculating means, standard deviations, p-values, and other statistical measures. Additionally, a sharp memory helps in understanding the different assumptions and conditions required for applying specific statistical tests correctly.

Overall, a statistical student must possess a combination of logical thinking, mathematical proficiency, and a sharp memory to excel in managing and analyzing data for census forms. These skills enable them to navigate the complexities of statistical analysis and contribute to generating accurate and reliable information about economic activities.

10 . Journalism

Journalism is a dynamic profession that involves the collection, evaluation, creation, and dissemination of news and information on a global scale. It is widely regarded as one of the most challenging fields of study due to the multifaceted nature of the work involved.

Journalists face immense pressure not only from the general public, who rely on them for accurate information, but also from the government and other influential entities who may seek to shape the news in their favor, especially during critical events such as elections.

In addition to the demanding nature of ensuring the accuracy and impartiality of their reporting, journalists must also navigate various specialized areas within the field. Some of these include:

Investigative Journalism: This form of journalism involves in-depth research and analysis to uncover hidden information, expose corruption, or bring to light issues that may otherwise remain hidden. Investigative journalists often dig deep into complex topics and use various techniques to uncover the truth.

Online Journalism: With the rise of digital media, online journalism has become a crucial component of the field. It involves reporting news through various online platforms, including websites, social media, and multimedia formats. Online journalists must adapt to the rapidly evolving digital landscape and engage with audiences through interactive storytelling methods.

Opinion Journalism: This type of journalism focuses on expressing subjective viewpoints and interpretations of news events. Opinion journalists offer analysis, commentary, and personal perspectives, allowing readers to gain a broader understanding of different viewpoints on a given issue.

Sports Journalism: Sports journalists cover sporting events, provide analysis, conduct interviews with athletes, and report on the latest developments in the world of sports. They often need to provide engaging and insightful coverage to capture the interest of sports enthusiasts.

Photojournalism: Photojournalists use the power of visual storytelling to capture and convey news stories through compelling photographs. Their images often have a profound impact, allowing viewers to connect with and better understand the events being documented.

Entertainment Journalism: This field focuses on reporting news and stories related to the entertainment industry, including movies, music, television, and celebrity culture. Entertainment journalists cover red carpet events, interview celebrities, and provide insights into the world of entertainment.

Political Journalism: Political journalists report on government policies, elections, political campaigns, and the activities of political figures. They play a vital role in providing information to the public about political developments and analyzing their implications.

These different types of journalism courses and specializations provide aspiring journalists with the necessary skills and knowledge to excel in their chosen field. Whether it is uncovering hidden truths, reporting on the latest sports events, or capturing impactful visuals, journalists play a critical role in informing and shaping public opinion.

Most-Difficult Courses 

In addition to the courses mentioned earlier, here are some other fields of study that are often considered among the toughest courses in the world:

Astrophysics: Astrophysics combines the principles of physics and astronomy to study the properties, behavior, and composition of celestial objects. It involves complex mathematical calculations, advanced theoretical concepts, and extensive research in the field of astrophysics.

Mathematics: Mathematics is a highly demanding discipline that requires abstract thinking, logical reasoning, and problem-solving skills. Advanced courses in mathematics, such as pure mathematics or theoretical mathematics, delve into complex topics like calculus, abstract algebra, number theory, and mathematical proofs.

Computer Science and Engineering: Computer science and engineering courses involve the study of computer systems, algorithms, software development, and hardware design. They require a strong understanding of mathematics, logic, programming languages, and algorithmic problem-solving.

Nuclear Engineering: Nuclear engineering deals with the design, development, and maintenance of nuclear power systems, radiation safety, and nuclear applications. It requires a solid foundation in physics, mathematics, and engineering principles.

Fine Arts: Pursuing a degree in fine arts involves mastering various artistic techniques, developing a creative vision, and understanding art history and theory. It demands continuous practice, experimentation, and critical evaluation of one’s artistic work.

Linguistics: Linguistics is the scientific study of language and its structure, including phonetics, syntax, semantics, and language acquisition. It requires analytical thinking, data analysis, and advanced linguistic theories.

These courses are known for their demanding nature, requiring a combination of intellectual aptitude, hard work, and a passion for the subject. Students who successfully complete these programs often emerge with valuable skills, specialized knowledge, and a strong foundation for their respective career paths.

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