Today In History, 27 January: What Happened On This Day

What happened today in history (January 27): Mozart, Titumir and Lewis Carroll were born, André the Giant and Humayun died, the Paris Peace Accords were signed, the Auschwitz concentration camp was liberated, the siege of Leningrad, Steve Jobs introduced the iPad, the Vietnam War officially ended, and more.

This day in history (January 27): Liberation of the Auschwitz concentration camp

This day in history (January 27): Liberation of the Auschwitz concentration camp

Today in history, January 27: 2023 has already set in and winter is rapidly waning. It has been a cold year so far and only now is some respite coming. But that is no reason to fall into the comfort zone and stop acquiring knowledge.

Today is January 27th. It may seem like a quiet, mundane winter day, but January 27th holds a pivotal place in world history.

See what major world-changing events occurred on this day (January 27) in sports, politics, and art, along with famous birthdays and deaths in world history.

Related: Today in History, January 23

Historical events on this day

  • In 1606, Guy Fawkes and others accused of the Gunpowder Plot to assassinate King James I of England were found guilty and sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered.
  • In 1820, the Antarctic continent was discovered by a Russian expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev.
  • In 1880, American inventor Thomas Edison, who invented the light bulb, patented the incandescent lamp.
  • In 1926, the Austrian-Irish physicist Erwin Schrödinger published his theory of wave mechanics.
  • In 1944, the Soviet Red Army lifted the siege of Leningrad (St. Petersburg), 872 days after it began, with the defeat of the German and Finnish forces.
  • In 1945, the Soviet Red Army liberated the Nazi concentration camp at Auschwitz, Poland, where more than a million Jews were massacred.
  • In 1948 the first magnetic tape recorders were sold.
  • In 1967, American astronauts Virgil I. Grissom, Edward H. White, and Roger B. Chaffee died in a cabin fire aboard NASA’s Apollo 1.
  • In 1967, during the Cold War, the Soviet Union, the United States, and the United Kingdom signed the Outer Space Treaty, which prohibited the deployment of nuclear weapons in space and limited the use of the Moon and other celestial bodies for peaceful purposes. .
  • In 1973, the Vietnam War ended after the United States signed the Paris Peace Agreement.
  • In 2010, Apple CEO Steve Jobs introduced the iPad.

Sports events today

  • In 1954, American boxer Archie Moore concluded his trilogy with Joey Maxim after beating him for the third time and retaining his world light heavyweight title.
  • In 2007, American tennis star Serena Williams beat Russian Maria Sharapova to win the Australian Open tournament.

Art and culture events today

  • In 1951, Leonard Bernstein’s musical “Peter Pan,” starring Jean Arthur and Boris Karloff, closed at the Imperial Theater after 320 performances.
  • In 1963, legendary Indian playback singer Lata Mangeshkar sang the patriotic “Aye Mere Watan Ke Logo” during the tumultuous period of the Sino-Indian War.
  • In 1976, the Laverne & Shirley television spin-off of Happy Days, starring Penny Marshall and Cindy Williams, premiered on ABC TV.

Notable deaths on this day

No sir

Year of death




Humayun, the second Mughal ruler who became famous for acquiring status, wealth and adventure during his reign, but also for greatly expanding his territory to cover almost all of India.



Giuseppe Verdi, Italian opera composer and one of the greatest musicians in history who composed the famous operas “Rigoletto” and “Il trovatore”



Nellie Bly or Elizabeth Cochran Seaman, American journalist, industrialist and inventor who was inspired by Jules Verne’s Around the World 80 Days and completed the route in 72 days.



André the Giant, French professional wrestler and actor known for his enormous physique.



JD Salinger, American author best known for his acclaimed novel The Catcher in the Rye.



Feodor Ingvar Kamprad, Swedish billionaire business magnate known for founding the popular multinational retail brand IKEA

Famous birthdays on this day

No sir

Year of birth




Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian musical prodigy and composer, widely considered the greatest and most influential classical composer of all time.



Titumir or Syed Mir Nisar Ali, Indian freedom fighter and Muslim nationalist who led one of the first armed revolts against the British Raj.



Lewis Carroll, English author, poet, and mathematician best known for his iconic fantasy book Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland.



Edward Smith, English naval captain who served on the RMS Titanic, which struck an iceberg and sank to the bottom of the Atlantic Sea.



Wilhelm II, German Emperor and King of Prussia, who was the last German Kaiser from 1888 until his abdication at the end of World War I in 1918.



James Cromwell, American actor and activist known for his tall stature and the popular films Babe, The Green Mile, and The Artist.



Bobby Deol, Indian actor, son of legendary Bollywood hero Dharmendra and younger brother of Sunny Deol.



Rosamund Pike, English actress known for playing versatile roles in films such as Gone Girl, Hostiles, A Private War and for playing Bond girl in her debut film Die Another Day.



Daniel Vettori, cricketer, coach and former captain of the New Zealand national team

Related | Today in History (January 25)

Related | Today in History (January 26)

Categories: Optical Illusion

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