Parsi New Year 2023: Parsi New Year, also known as Navroz or Nowroz, marks the beginning of a new day or the first day of the Parsi calendar. The festival is based on the Iranian hijri solar calendar. This year it falls on August 16.
When is Parsi New Year celebrated in India?
Nowruz is celebrated by the Parsi community of the Indian subcontinent. It usually falls in July or August of the Gregorian calendar, almost 200 days after the rest of the world due to the Shahenshahi calendar.
This year, the Parsi New Year will begin on August 16, 2023.
What is the story behind the Navroz celebration?
Nowruz has its origins in the Iranian religion of Zoroastrianism. The word Nowruz is a combination of the Persian words now meaning new and ruz meaning day. The United Nations formally recognized “International Nowruz Day” with the adoption of Resolution 64/253 by the United Nations General Assembly in February 2010. It has been observed since the Iranian calendar was changed in the 11th century to commemorate the beginning of the New Year.
According to Britannica, “among the Parsis, the Nōrūz (“New Day”) is a celebration that justifies the performance of five prescribed liturgies: the Āfringān, prayers of love or praise; the Bāj, prayers in honor of the yazatas (“people worthy of worship”) or fravashis (“pre-existing souls”); the Yasna, a rite that includes the ritual offering and drinking of the sacred haoma liquor; the Fravartigan, or Farokhshi, prayers, which commemorate the dead; and the Satum, prayers recited at funeral festivities”.
This festival that promotes optimism and hope is celebrated in countries with strong Persian culture, including Iran, Iraq, India, Afghanistan, and Central Asian regions.
What is the meaning of Nowruz?
Nowruz is considered one of the major festivals of the oldest religion in the world. It is a cultural celebration that originated in ancient Persia. The day symbolizes the spring equinox, which symbolizes rebirth, renewal, and the victory of good over evil. This auspicious occasion is celebrated with grand festivals, cultural traditions, and rituals.
Nowruz also serves as a reminder of compassion among diverse communities, fostering unity, optimism, and harmony. The day in India is mainly celebrated in the states of Gujarat and Maharashtra.
How is the Parsi New Year celebrated?
Nowruz customs and traditions vary from region to region. In India, the centenary festival focuses on family and food. People clean and decorate their homes with flowers and rangolis, wear traditional attire, and visit temples. The occasion also includes parties with family and friends who forgive the past and pray for love and harmony in the future.
Also, the distribution of seven objects signifying renewal and spring, known as haft-sin, is one aspect of preparing for the new year. Sabzeh, a sprouting plant that represents rebirth, is a major aspect of the Nowruz celebration.
In conclusion, Nowruz is a day to promote peace and harmony between different generations and communities by serving as a timeless celebration of rebirth, solidarity and cultural heritage.
Important days and dates in August 2023