75th Army Day 2023: The Indian Army was officially established on April 1, 1895. India got its first army chief in 1949. On January 15, 1949, Field Marshal KM Cariappa took over as first Commander-in-Chief of General Francis’ Indian Army. Butcher, the last British commander-in-chief of India. This year, India celebrates its 75th Army Day on January 15.
Greetings to all Indian Army personnel and their families in #Army’s day. The nation salutes their indomitable courage, valor, sacrifices and service. We are proud of the Indian Army’s efforts in keeping India safe and secure. pic.twitter.com/I7tqRyULma
—Rajnath Singh (@rajnathsingh)
January 15, 2023
According to the 2017 Global Firepower Index, The Indian Army is considered the fourth strongest army in the world. According to this index, the United States, Russia and China have better militaries than India. India’s neighbor Pakistan is ranked 13th on this list.
The Indian Army originated from the forces of the East India Company, which later became known as the “British Indian Army” and eventually, after Independence, became known as the Home Army.
The Indian Army was founded by the British on April 1, 1895. The Indian Army was established on April 1, but Army Day in India is celebrated on January 15.
Please let us know the reason behind this.
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Why is Army Day celebrated in India?
India achieved independence on August 15, 1947, after almost 200 years of slavery under British rule. At the time of India’s independence, the country was experiencing communal riots, refugees were coming from Pakistan and some people were migrating towards Pakistan.
Due to this kind of anarchic atmosphere, many administrative problems began to arise when the army had to intervene to control the situation in order to ensure peace during partition.
At the time of Indian independence, command of the Indian Army was in the hands of British General Sir Francis Butcher. So this was the right time to hand over full control of the country to the Indians; Therefore, Field Marshal KM Cariappa became the first Indian Army Chief of independent India on 15 January 1949.
Since this opportunity was very notable for the Indian Army, it was decided to celebrate this great day every year in India as Army Day and since then this tradition has continued.
Hence the transfer of power from the army into the hands of an Indian citizen on January 15 is marked as Army Day in the country.
It is celebrated every year at all the Army Command headquarters and in the national capital by organizing army parades that include many other military spectacles.
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To celebrate Army Day, the parade is organized every year at the Cariappa Parade Ground in Delhi Cantonment. The salute is received by the chief of the Indian army. In the year 2018, the 70th Army Day was celebrated, in which General Bipin Rawat performed the parade salute, and in 2019 it was performed by General MM Narwane.
image source: business standard
The 71st Indian Army Day is celebrated on January 15, 2019 in the national capital, Delhi.
It was the first time in history that a woman officer will lead an Army contingent in the Army Day parade. Lieutenant Bhawana Kasturi has become the first female officer to lead a contingent made up of 144 male officers.
Every year, the parade salute is performed by the Indian Army Chief, and this year, in 2022, General Manoj Mukund Naravane will perform the salute.
Importance of Indian Army Day
The day is celebrated at all Army Command Headquarters. Preparations continue, but due to the current global pandemic, the day will be celebrated with strict protocols. On this day, tribute is paid to the soldiers of the Indian Army who selflessly served the country and set the greatest example of brotherhood. The greeting goes to all those brave fighters who have left everything to protect the homeland and maintain the integrity of the nation.
Meet Quarterback KM Cariappa
Field Marshal KM Cariappa was born in 1899 in Karnataka and his father Kondera was a revenue officer. Cariappa led the Indian Army on the Western Frontier in the Indo-Pak War in 1947.
Image source: thehindu (के. एम. करिअप्पा)
Sam Manekshaw was the first Indian Field Marshal and was awarded this title in January 1973. The second person to be awarded the title of Field Marshal was ‘Konderera M. Cariappa’, who was awarded the rank on 14 January of 1986.
Now you must have come to know why Army Day is celebrated on January 15.