GK Quiz: How much do you know about Blood?

Every year on June 14, World Blood Donor Day is celebrated. This day is important because it raises awareness about the need to donate blood and how blood donation can save lives.

Blood is essential for human survival. It is used in a variety of medical procedures, including surgeries, transfusions, and cancer treatments. Every two seconds someone in the world needs blood. But there is not always enough blood available.

That is why it is so important to donate blood. When you donate blood, you are giving someone a gift that could save their life.

Here in this quiz you can test your knowledge about blood and how vital it is.

READ| World Blood Donor Day 2023: theme, history, meaning, activities and more related to Blood Donor Day

1. Which of the following is the most abundant type of blood cell?

(a) Red blood cells

(b) White blood cells

(c) Platelets

(c) Plasma

Correct answer: (a)

Explanation: Red blood cells are the most abundant type of blood cell and represent approximately 45% of blood volume. They are responsible for transporting oxygen to the tissues and carbon dioxide out of the tissues.

2. What is the function of hemoglobin?

(a) Transport oxygen to the tissues and carbon dioxide out of the tissues.

(b) To combat infections

(c) To clot blood

(d) To regulate body temperature.

Correct answer: (a)

Explanation: Hemoglobin is a protein found in red blood cells that is responsible for transporting oxygen to the tissues and carbon dioxide out of the tissues.

3. What is the name of the protein that helps blood clot?

(a) Hemoglobin

(b) fibrinogen

(c) Platelets

(c) Plasma

Correct answer: (b)

Explanation: Fibrinogen is a protein found in plasma that helps blood clot. When fibrinogen is exposed to blood, it forms long, thin threads that trap red blood cells and platelets, forming a clot.

4. What is the liquid part of blood called?

(a) Red blood cells

(b) White blood cells

(c) Platelets

(c) plasma

Correct answer: (d)

Explanation: Plasma is the liquid part of blood. It makes up approximately 55% of blood volume and contains water, proteins, nutrients, hormones and waste products.

5. What is the condition in which the blood does not clot properly called?

(a) Hemophilia

(b) Leukemia

(c) Anemia

(d) Thrombocytosis

Correct answer: (a)

Explanation: Hemophilia is a condition in which the blood does not clot properly. This is due to a deficiency in one of the proteins involved in blood clotting.

READ| List of blood diseases in humans

6. What is the name of the test used to determine blood type?

(a) Blood type

(b) Hemoglobin test

(c) Platelet count

(d) White blood cell count

Correct answer: (a)

Explanation: Blood group is a test used to determine a person’s blood type. Blood type is important for blood transfusions as it ensures that the donor’s blood is compatible with the recipient’s blood.

7. What is the condition called when the body produces too many white blood cells?

(a) Leukemia

(b) anemia

(c) Thrombocytosis

(d) Hemophilia

Correct answer: (a)

Explanation: Leukemia is a cancer of the blood cells. In leukemia, the body produces too many white blood cells, which can crowd out other types of blood cells.

8. What is the name of the condition in which the body produces too few red blood cells?

(a) Anemia

(b) Leukemia

(c) Thrombocytosis

(d) Hemophilia

Correct answer: (a)

Explanation: Anemia is a condition in which the body does not produce enough red blood cells. This can cause fatigue, shortness of breath, and pale skin.

9. What is the condition called when the body produces too many platelets?

(a) Thrombocytosis

(b) Leukemia

(c) Anemia

(d) Hemophilia

Correct answer: (a)

Explanation: Thrombocytosis is a condition in which the body produces too many platelets. Platelets are blood cells that help blood clot. When there are too many platelets, they can form clots that can block blood vessels and cause serious health problems.

10. What is the condition in which blood vessels become clogged with plaque called?

(a) Atherosclerosis

(b) Leukemia

(c) Anemia

(d) Hemophilia

Correct answer: (a)

Explanation: Atherosclerosis is a condition in which the walls of the arteries become clogged with plaque. Plaque is a fatty substance that can build up over time. When plaque builds up, it can narrow the arteries and make it difficult for blood to flow. This can lead to heart disease, stroke, and other health problems.

In conclusion, increasing awareness of blood-related issues is crucial to fostering a healthier and more informed society. This blood quiz serves as a powerful tool to raise awareness about various aspects of blood, including its composition, functions, and importance in medical treatments.

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Source: sef.edu.vn

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