Black day of Pulwama attack: Pulwama attack is one of the deadliest attacks on Indian security personnel in Kashmir. As many as 40 Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel were killed in the 2019 Pulwama attack when an explosives-laden vehicle rammed into a CRPF convoy. Since then, February 14 is considered a black day in India.
As the nation enters the fourth year of the Pulwama terror attack, tributes are pouring in from across the nation for the brave hearts.
Remembering our brave heroes we lost that day in Pulwama. We will never forget his supreme sacrifice. His bravery motivates us to build a strong and developed India.
– Narendra Modi (@narendramodi)
February 14, 2023
-Devendra Fadnavis (@Dev_Fadnavis)
February 14, 2023
Pulwama attack details
Here is the chronology of the events that unfolded on February 14, 2019.
CRPF personnel were transported from Jammu to Srinagar via NH 44.
On February 14, 2019, a convoy of 78 vehicles carrying over 2,500 CRPF personnel left Jammu around 3:30 in the morning. The convoy was ferrying CRPF personnel from Jammu to Srinagar via NH 44 and was meant to reach there before sunset.
An explosive-laden vehicle rammed into the CRPF convoy.
At around 3:15 pm in Lethpora, an explosives-laden vehicle rammed into the bus, killing around 40 CRPF personnel of the 76th Battalion and leaving others injured. The injured personnel were rushed to the military base hospital in Srinagar.
Jaish-e-Mohammed claimed responsibility for the Pulwama terror attack.
Soon after the attack, Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM), a Pakistan-based terrorist group, claimed responsibility for the Pulwama attack. The militant group also released a video of Adil Ahmad Dar from Kakapora, who joined the group in 2018.
Adil Ahmad Dar was identified as the criminal.
The 22-year-old man was identified as the aggressor. His family last saw him in March 2018, when he left home on his bicycle and never returned.
According to his family, Dar became radicalized after being beaten by Indian police, and authorities reportedly arrested him six times in two years for stone-throwing and on suspicion of activities aiding Lashkar-e-Taiba, another group based in in Pakistan. militant group. He, however, was never formally charged with any crime or named in an FIR.
The vehicle was transporting 300 kg of explosives.
India’s National Investigation Agency (NIA) constituted a 12-member team to investigate the Pulwama attack. The team worked in collaboration with the Jammu and Kashmir Police.
Initial investigations into the Pulwama attack suggested that the vehicle that rammed the convoy was carrying 300kg of explosives. While the team was able to confirm the identity of the suicide bomber, they were unable to trace the source of the explosives. An August 2020 chargesheet filed by the NIA named 19 people it said carried out the attack at the behest of Pakistan.
The aftermath of the Pulwama attack.
The state funerals of CRPF martyr jawan were held in their respective hometowns. On the same day, India revoked Pakistan’s most favored nation status, increased customs duties on all goods imported into India from Pakistan to 200%, and urged the Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering (FATF) to include Pakistan on the blacklist.
Protests and candlelight marches were held across India and violent protests in Jammu and Kashmir led to a curfew. A delegation of Indian doctors canceled their visit to Pakistan for the 13th Congress of the Association of Anesthesiologists.
Eurosport India announced that it will no longer broadcast Pakistan Super League cricket matches. AICWA and IFTDA banned Pakistani actors and artists from the Indian film and music industry.
Fight with the militants.
In the early hours of February 18, a joint team of 55 Rashtriya Rifles, CRPF and Indian Special Operations Group killed two terrorists and two sympathizers in an anti-terror encounter operation that was carried out after inputs from Indian intelligence. Four Indian security personnel were killed in the battle with the militants.
Among the two terrorists who were killed, Abdul Rasheed Ghazi alias Kamran was identified as a Pakistani national said to be the mastermind of the attack and the JeM commander.
India retaliated on February 26.
In the early hours of February 26, India carried out an attack on the JeM training camps at Balakot. Twelve Mirage 2000 aircraft of the IAF crossed LOC and bombed the JeM training camps at Balakot. India claimed to have killed between 300 and 350 terrorists in the attack.
India and Pakistan were on the verge of war.
The next day, the Pakistan Air Force carried out a counterattack against Indian military installations in Jammu and Kashmir, but failed. However, during the air combat, an Indian MiG-21 was hit and its pilot Wing Commander Abhinanadan Varthaman was captured by Pakistan. He was released on March 1 by Pakistan and awarded Vir Chakra, India’s third highest wartime gallantry medal.
The international community condemned the attack.
Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, France, Hungary, Israel, Maldives, Nepal, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, the United States and the United Kingdom condemned the attack. However, China and Turkey also supported Pakistan’s efforts to combat terrorism.
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