World Cancer Day 2023: What is Blood Cancer, Types, Symptoms, Treatment and Data in India?

World Cancer Day 2023: It is celebrated on February 4 every year and this year the theme is “I am and I will”. The campaign shows that our actions have an impact on everyone around us, within our neighborhoods, communities and cities. This year is a reminder of the lasting power of cooperation and collective action, that is, together, all our actions matter.

कैंसर का इलाज संभव है यदि शुरुवात में ही इसकी प हचान हो सके #WorldCancerDay #SwasthaBharat#beatNCDs

— Ministry of Health (@MoHFW_INDIA)
February 4, 2023

What are blood cancers?

It is a type of cancer that affects blood cells and affects the production and function of blood cells.

This type of cancer begins in the bone marrow, which is the main source of blood production.

It occurs when abnormal blood cells begin to grow uncontrollably and disrupt the function of normal blood cells that fight infection and make new blood cells.

World Cancer Day 2023: current topic, history and key facts

Blood cancer: types

Mainly, there are three types of blood cancers: leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma.


It is a blood cancer that originates in the blood and bone marrow. It is caused by the rapid production of abnormal white blood cells and interferes with the bone marrow’s ability to produce red blood cells and platelets. These large numbers of abnormal white blood cells cannot fight infections.


This type of blood cancer affects the lymphatic system, which removes excess fluid from the body and produces immune cells. As we know, lymphocytes are a type of white blood cell that fights infections. Therefore, the abnormal lymphocytes become lymphoma cells that multiply and accumulate in lymph nodes and other tissues. And over time, these cancer cells deteriorate the body’s immune system.


It is a type of blood cancer that begins in the blood plasma cells, which is a type of white blood cell produced in the bone marrow. Plasma cells are white blood cells that produce antibodies to fight infections and diseases in the body. Myeloma cells then prevent the normal production of antibodies, which weakens the immune system and makes it susceptible to infections.

Blood cancer: symptoms

Loss of appetite, nausea.

Fever, chills

Night sweats

Persistent fatigue, weakness.

Unexplained weight loss

Bone/joint pain

Difficulty breathing

abdominal discomfort

Frequent infections

Itchy skin or rash

Swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or groin

Delirium and confusion

Decreased urination and difficulty urinating.

What is “high grade” metastatic cancer?

Blood cancer: treatment

Treatment depends on the type of cancer, how quickly the cancer progresses, where it has spread, and other factors. Some common treatments for blood cancer are:

Chemotherapy: In this cancer treatment, anti-cancer drugs are given to the patient to interfere with and stop the growth of cancer cells in the body. In blood cancer, in chemotherapy treatment, several drugs are sometimes given together in a set regimen. This treatment may also be given before a stem cell transplant.

Radiotherapy: In this type of cancer treatment, high-energy rays are administered to destroy cancer cells. It can also be given before a stem cell transplant.

Stem cell transplant: In this type of treatment, healthy stem cells are infused into the patient’s body to help resume healthy blood production after therapy to destroy malignant blood cells. Stem cells can be collected from bone marrow, circulating blood, and umbilical cord blood.

Blood cancer in India

In India, more than 20,000 new cases of childhood blood cancer are diagnosed every year, of which almost 15,000 of those cases are leukemia, according to Globocan 2020.

The most common type of blood cancer is leukemia, which affects children and adolescents (0 to 19 years) and is a leading cause of death.

According to some studies, India ranks third in reported cases of blood cancer after the United States and China. Various factors are responsible such as low accessibility to affordable healthcare in rural areas, lack of awareness and education about blood cancer, etc.

So, you may have now come to know about blood cancer, its types, symptoms, treatment, etc.

GK Questions and Answers about Types of Cancers

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