Today in History, 12 July: What Happened on this Day

In this June 12 edition of historical highlights, we delve into important events that have shaped the world we know today.

From royal weddings to battles and achievements in sports, art and culture, these events have left a lasting impact on our collective memory. Join us as we travel back in time to explore these extraordinary moments.

Historical moments

1472: Richard Plantagenet, Duke of Gloucester, marries Anne Neville

In a grand ceremony at Westminster Abbey, Richard Plantagenet, Duke of Gloucester and future King of England, exchanged vows with Anne Neville, the daughter of the Earl of Warwick. This union would play an important role in the tumultuous period known as the War of the Roses, as both Richard and Anne had close connections to rival factions.

1543: Final marriage union of King Henry VIII

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King Henry VIII of England married his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr. This wedding marked the final chapter in the marriage saga of the infamous Tudor monarch, known for his tumultuous love life and his role in the English Reformation.

1690: William III triumphs at the Battle of the Boyne

In a decisive confrontation, the Battle of the Boyne was fought, pitting William III of Orange against James II of England. William’s victory in this confrontation near the River Boyne in Ireland had profound consequences for British and European history, as it secured Protestant rule in the region and paved the way for the Glorious Revolution.

1787: The Great Compromise resolves the debate over representation

During the Constitutional Convention held in Philadelphia, a groundbreaking agreement called the Great Compromise was adopted. This compromise settled the vexed question of representation between large and small states and ultimately shaped the foundation of the United States government as we know it today.

1943: Soviet forces achieve victory at the Battle of Prochorovka

A pivotal battle unfolded during World War II when the Battle of Prochorovka saw the forces of the Soviet Union achieve a significant victory over the Germans. This Soviet triumph near the village of Prochorovka in present-day Russia marked a turning point on the Eastern Front, ultimately leading to the final defeat of the Axis powers.

1963: The reign of terror of the Moorish murderers begins

The horrific massacre carried out by Ian Brady and Myra Hindley, known as the Killer Moors, began with the kidnapping of 16-year-old Pauline Reade. This series of crimes shocked the nation and left a lasting impact on British society.

1975: Sao Tome and Principe gains independence

Sao Tome and Principe, a nation off the western coast of Central Africa, celebrated its independence from Portuguese rule. This historic milestone marked the culmination of efforts towards self-rule and paved the way for a new era for the island nation.

1984: Geraldine Ferraro’s pioneering candidacy for vice president

This day in history July 12.

Geraldine Ferraro made history by becoming the first woman to run for office in a major party in the United States. As Walter Mondale’s running mate in the 1984 presidential election, Ferraro’s candidacy marked an important milestone for women in American politics.

2010: Live Aid benefit concert unites the world

Held simultaneously at London’s Wembley Stadium and Philadelphia’s JFK Stadium, the iconic Live Aid benefit concert wowed audiences around the world. This star-studded event brought together renowned musicians and artists to raise funds for famine relief in Africa, leaving an indelible mark on the music industry and humanitarian efforts.

Sports events

1930: Record golf game

Defending champion Bobby Jones won his record-tying fourth US Open title at the Interlachen Country Club in 1930. Jones finished two strokes ahead of Macdonald Smith, with a score of 286. This was Jones’ third straight major title , having won the British Amateur and the British Open earlier in the year.

1932: cricket first-class record

On 12 July 1932, Hedley Verity took all ten wickets for just ten runs against Nottinghamshire on a storm-affected pitch. This feat remains a first-class cricket record. Verity was a left-arm slow orthodox bowler known for his accuracy and control. He was also a very skilled pitcher and could vary his pitches to keep hitters guessing.

1998: the legend strikes

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In the 1998 FIFA World Cup final, Zinedine Zidane scored two goals to help France defeat Brazil 3-0 and win their first World Cup title. Zidane’s performance was iconic and he was named Man of the Match. Zidane’s first goal came in the 27th minute. He received a pass from Youri Djorkaeff and shot from outside the area past Brazilian goalkeeper Taffarel. Zidane’s second goal came in the 45th minute. He received a pass from Emmanuel Petit and scored with a low shot from inside the area.

Art and Culture Events on July 12

1939: Henry Rowe Schoolcraft discovers the source of the Mississippi River

Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, the American geographer and ethnologist, identified Lake Itasca in Minnesota as the source of the Mississippi River. This geographic landmark contributed to a deeper understanding of North America’s vast river systems.

1963: The Beatles release their second album

The Beatles, one of the most influential bands in music history, released their second studio album, “Why Please Me.” This album marked the beginning of his meteoric rise to global stardom and set the stage for his unparalleled impact on popular music.

2013: The legacy of Amar Bose in sound

Amar Bose, the visionary founder of Bose Corporation, has passed away at the age of 83. Bose’s innovative contributions to audio technology revolutionized the way we experience sound, leaving an indelible mark on the world of music and audio engineering.

famous birthdays

Year Event Description
1817 Henry Thoreau Henry David Thoreau, renowned American author, naturalist, and philosopher, was born in Concord, Massachusetts. His works include “Walden.”
1884 The man who made stars Louis B. Mayer, American film producer, was born in Minsk, Russian Empire (now Belarus). He created the “star system” at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM).
1904 The arrival of Pablo Neruda to the world Pablo Neruda, esteemed poet and diplomat, was born in Parral, Chile. He received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971.
1916 Lady Death is born Lyudmila Pavlichenko, a Soviet sniper, was born in Bila Tserkva, Ukraine. She is the most successful female sniper in history.
1932 Kodak is born George Eastman, inventor of the Kodak camera, was born in Waterville, New York. He founded the Eastman Kodak Company and popularized photography.
1937 Birth of a Comedy Legend Bill Cosby, a renowned American comedian and actor, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. His legacy has been marred by serious legal controversies.
1977 The Incarnate Beast is born Brock Lesnar, American mixed martial artist and professional wrestler, was born in Webster, South Dakota. Known as “The Incarnate Beast”.

Notable deaths

1804: the tragic end of Alexander Hamilton

Alexander Hamilton, an esteemed American statesman, founding father, and advocate of a strong central government, lost his life in a duel with Aaron Burr. Hamilton’s contributions to the formation of the United States continue to shape its political and economic systems.

1892: pioneer of modern baseball

Alexander Cartwright, was an iconic figure widely recognized as the “inventor of modern baseball” and affectionately known as the “father of baseball.” A pioneering force in the sport, Cartwright left an indelible mark on the game that continues to captivate millions around the world.

1910: Luxury automobile founder dies

In 1910, Charles Roll, a noted British aviator and co-founder of Rolls Royce, tragically died at the age of 32 in a plane crash. This unfortunate event marked the first case of a British individual losing their life in a plane crash. Additionally, Charles Roll was known for his contributions to the automotive industry as a luxury automobile manufacturer.

1926: Gertrude Bell’s legacy lives on

The British archaeologist, writer and explorer Gertrude Bell died in Baghdad. Bell’s extensive knowledge of the Middle East, her archaeological work, and her political involvement left a lasting impact on the region and her understanding of history.

On July 12, numerous significant events left their mark on history, sport, art and culture. From historical duels to groundbreaking works of literature, from sporting triumphs to the loss of influential figures, July 12 has seen a wide range of momentous events.

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Source: sef.edu.vn

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