73rd Republic Day 2023: Every year, Republic Day is celebrated in India on January 26 to commemorate the date on which the Constitution of India came into force and the country became a republic.
Every year, January 26 is celebrated with festivities and patriotic fervor across the country. This year India will celebrate the 73rd Republic Day. To commemorate Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav, several activities have been initiated in the run-up to the Republic Day celebrations 2023. The main component of Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav is to connect the youth with our rich cultural heritage. The objective of the activities is to meet the best talent from across the country. Also, provide an opportunity to be a part of the Republic Day 2023 celebrations.
On 15 August 1947, India gained independence, and at that time India was headed by King George VI until the Constitution of India came into force, i.e. on 26 January 1950. This is the day when India declared itself a democratic republic nation. The first president of India was Dr. Rajendra Prasad.
Let us tell you that the Republic Day of India is celebrated with the 21-gun salute and unfurling of the Indian national flag by the President of India. We know that India became independent from British rule on August 15, 1947 and adopted the Constitution on January 26, 1950, declaring ourselves a sovereign, democratic and republican State. Every year, January 26 is celebrated with immense pride and happiness across the country.
The evolution of India from a British colony to a sovereign, democratic and secular nation was certainly historic. It was a long journey that began with the conceptualization of the vision in 1930 to its actual understanding in 1950. A look at the expedition that led to the birth of the Indian Republic will make our revelry more meaningful.
Did you know that on this day a massive parade held on Rajpath in New Delhi before the President of India reflects power, strength and different regional patterns reflecting cultural themes and motifs?
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First, we will discuss the origin of Republic Day.
When India became independent on August 15, 1947, our country had no Constitution and was altogether dependent on the Colonial Government of India Act, 1935. Until the adoption of the Constitution in 1950, the head of India was the King George VI. But before this, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru at the Lahore session of INC (Indian National Congress). Now, let’s look at the Lahore session in detail.
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Lahore session of the Indian National Congress
The seeds of the republican nation were disseminated at the Lahore conference of the Indian National Congress at midnight on December 31, 1929. The session was held under the administration of Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru. The nationalists present at the summit vowed to mark January 26 as “Independence Day” to march towards realizing the vision of absolute independence from the British. The Lahore Session marked the path towards the Civil Disobedience Movement. It was ensured that 26 January 1930 would be celebrated as Purna Swaraj Day and the tricolor was unfurled by pledging to celebrate the entire Independence Day every year on 26 January. Many Indian political parties and Indian revolutionaries from all over India came together to observe the day with honor and pride.
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Second is the Cabinet Mission Plan.
The Cabinet Mission arrived on 24 March 1946 and was composed of three Cabinet Ministers from England:
(i) Sir Pethick Lawrence, Secretary of State for India.
(ii) Sir Stafford Cripps, President of the Board of Trade.
(iii) Alexander, the first lord of the Admiralty.
Do you know the main objective of this mission?
– Devise mechanisms to draft the Constitution of India.
– Provisions for the interim government.
– There will be the Union of India, which would be empowered to deal with the defense of foreign affairs and communications.
– The Cabinet mission did not accept the demand for Pakistan.
– Restricted Communal Representation.
– All members of the Interim Cabinet would be Indians with minimal interference from the Viceroy.
– Except for the subjects of the Union, all residual powers will vest in the Provinces.
– The representatives of the Provincial Assemblies and the Princely States would be formed by a Constituent Assembly and the provincial legislatures would be grouped into three sections.
Group A: Hindu dominated population areas like Madras, UP, Central provinces, Bombay, Bihar and Orissa.
Group B: Muslim dominated population areas like Punjab, Sindh, NWFP and Balochistan.
Group C: Hindus and Muslims, both like Assam and Bengal.
Here it is worth noting whether the Cabinet Mission did not accept the demand of Pakistan but grouped the Provinces in such a way as to indirectly support the idea of Pakistan. As a result, the Congress accepted the plan, the Muslim League first accepted it and then on July 29 rejected it and called for a Day of Action to achieve Pakistan. August 16, 1946 was set as Direct Action Day.
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Thirdly, the meetings of the Constituent Assembly of India
The Constituent Assembly of India, which was formed as a result of discussions between Indian leaders and members of the British Cabinet Mission, had its first meeting on December 9, 1946. The purpose of the Assembly was to present India a Constitution that served as an enduring principle and therefore selected a series of committees to methodically explore a variety of aspects of the projected constitution. The recommendations were debated, discussed and revised many times before the Indian Constitution was confirmed and officially adopted 3 years later on November 26, 1949.
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The fourth is when the Constitution came into force.
Although India became a free nation on August 15, 1947, it enjoyed the true force of independence on January 26, 1950, when the Indian Constitution finally came into force. The Constitution gave Indian citizens the power to administer themselves by opting for their own government. Dr. Rajendra Prasad took oath as the first President of India. Since that extraordinary day, January 26 has been distinguished with festivities and patriotic zeal throughout the country. The day owes its importance to the Indian constitution that was adopted on that day.